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DGFT & FEMA Role In Export Import

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DGFT and FEMA are two important regulatory bodies in India that play a significant role in governing and regulating various aspects of international trade, including exports and imports. Here’s a brief overview of each:
DGFT (Directorate General of Foreign Trade):
The Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) is an agency under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry in India.
DGFT is responsible for formulating and implementing the foreign trade policy of India.
Its primary objective is to promote and facilitate India’s foreign trade, including exports and imports.
DGFT issues Importer-Exporter Code (IEC) numbers, which are essential for businesses to engage in international trade.
It regulates export and import policies, procedures, and trade-related matters, including export incentives and benefits.
DGFT also manages various export promotion schemes and incentives, such as the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) and the Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG) scheme.
The organization ensures compliance with international trade laws and agreements, including the World Trade Organization (WTO) rules.
FEMA (Foreign Exchange Management Act):
The Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) is a legislative framework enacted by the Government of India to regulate foreign exchange transactions and currency-related activities.
FEMA was introduced in 1999, replacing the earlier Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA).
It governs transactions involving foreign exchange, foreign securities, and the transfer of immovable property situated outside India by a person resident in India.
FEMA aims to facilitate external trade and payments and promote orderly development and maintenance of the foreign exchange market in India.
FEMA regulates various aspects of international financial transactions, including foreign investments, remittances, external commercial borrowings, and acquisition of immovable property by non-residents.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is the primary regulatory authority responsible for enforcing FEMA provisions.
In summary, DGFT focuses on trade policy and the regulation of export and import-related matters, while FEMA primarily deals with the management of foreign exchange and currency transactions in the context of international trade. Both organizations are crucial for businesses and individuals engaged in export-import activities in India, as they ensure compliance with relevant laws and promote a conducive environment for international trade.
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